Home Debt Free Purchase, Rehab, Hire, Refinance, Repeat

Purchase, Rehab, Hire, Refinance, Repeat

Purchase, Rehab, Hire, Refinance, Repeat


You’ve seen it on TV—an excellent investor takes out a mortgage, buys dozens of properties, flips them for revenue, and pays off their mortgage.

They get guide offers and TV reveals and make it look simple.

(In contrast to your folks who took out a mortgage, purchased a property, did not flip it, and virtually acquired divorce. Twice.)

Overlook bravado as a tactic and depend on a confirmed technique—the BRRRR methodology.

This text will present you:

  • How the BRRRR methodology works.
  • How you can use the BRRRR technique to put money into actual property and make a revenue.
  • How you can discover BRRRR properties within the first place (after which make a revenue from them).

Let’s BRRRRing it—

What’s the BRRRR Technique?

The BRRRR methodology is an actual property funding technique for purchasing, renovating, and renting out properties. The method entails discovering low-cost properties, flipping them to make use of as leases, cashing out on their fairness, after which starting the method once more to fund one other funding.

What does BRRRR imply?

BRRRR is an acronym for Purchase, Rehab, Hire, Refinance, Repeat (also called Purchase, Renovate, Hire, Refinance, Repeat).

It is a stable enterprise mannequin if you wish to be a landlord or in case your purpose is to shortly flip a hefty revenue in your properties.

What’s a BRRRR property?

BRRRR actual property covers many properties, together with houses, duplexes, triplexes, and industrial models. Any actual property you should buy, repair up, lease out, and refinance could be a BRRRR property.

For the BRRRR components to work, you already have to know the fundamentals of renovation technique. If you happen to’ve by no means tried flipping a home for a revenue, be sure you perceive what it takes to renovate.

How Does the BRRRR Technique Work?

The BRRRR investing technique is basically shopping for a property low—performing some minor renovations—renting it out—then utilizing the fairness to refinance and buy one other property—then repeating time and again till you’ve got a property empire.

If you happen to comply with these 4 steps each time you go from one funding alternative to a different, it’s best to be capable to do the BRRRR methodology efficiently. You’ll have to maintain observe of some issues to make a hit of the BRRRR technique:

  • The size of every stage (how lengthy did it take to search out, purchase, renovate, and lease out your properties).
  • How a lot did you spend throughout every step (down funds, restore prices, month-to-month payments)?
  • How a lot fairness you’ve created with each deal?

The main distinction between the BRRRR methodology and others is the concentrate on distressed properties or properties in areas that want revitalization.

If you happen to can spot the potential in a renovation and aren’t afraid of doing the laborious work, there’s a ton of cash to be made.

However should you’ve by no means tried to flip a property, that also leaves the query of learn how to begin the BRRRR methodology. All of it begins with B—purchase!

BRRRR Technique Step by Step

Let’s break down the BRRRR methodology for newbies (and embrace some examples alongside the best way).


Purchase low, promote excessive. That’s the house-flipping mantra. When shopping for BRRRR actual property, you’ll need to intention actually low. A phrase of warning—a lot of the dangers will be discovered at this primary stage, so it’s essential to get it proper.

What’s on the guidelines to discover a BRRRR property worthy of your laborious work? For the reason that entire level of the BRRRR methodology is so as to add worth, begin with a spot that wants restore—an actual fixer-upper (or a distressed property as they’re identified within the commerce).

Discovering the steadiness between the shopping for value, the price of the work concerned, and the top worth of the actual property is crucial. Earlier than you bounce into the world of BRRRR, let’s be taught among the lingo.

The very first thing to know—ARV

That is the After Restore Worth, an estimate of the property’s price after you’ve got performed the repairs and renovations. Including the refurb worth is difficult and subjective, however you will get a tough concept from the costs of comparable houses within the space with the identical stage of end.

A rule of thumb is to spend solely 70% of the ARV minus price of repairs.

The components is: (ARV x 70%) – Restore Prices = Most Bid That is referred to as—fairly unsurprisingly—the “70% Rule” in actual property circles. Right here’s an instance of what it means in apply:

Asking value $250,000
Worth added by renovations $50,000
Estimated ARV $300,000
70% Rule $210,000
Restore prices $10,000
Most bid $200,000

When shopping for property to earn money, it’s important to go away a margin for error. Following the 70% Rule provides you reassurance that you just’ll full the undertaking and are available out with some fairness.

Before you purchase, do your analysis

You need to know:

  • How doubtless it’s that you’re going to get a mortgage on the property (B).
  • How a lot roughly the renovation will price (R).
  • The supply and value of different leases within the space (R).
  • What refinancing choices you’ll have on the property after refurb (R).
  • How a lot money you’ll have for the subsequent undertaking (R).

On common, most traders will spend round $10,000–$20,000 to begin investing in actual property utilizing the BRRRR technique, however this quantity might range relying on the place you reside.

If you happen to suppose you’ve got discovered the good funding however you are having hassle operating the numbers, check out a BRRRR calculator. Yow will discover these on-line, and by plugging just a few numbers in, you will see what sort of revenue (or loss) you would possibly make.

Bear in mind, a calculator cannot let you know precisely how issues will go or predict any unexpected circumstances, so use the numbers as a tough information.


If you renovate, do not go overboard. That is the highest tip. Create a finances, go away room for unexpected bills, and maintain the larger purpose in thoughts. Do not begin by looking for marble counter tops and shag pile carpeting. At this stage, you need to ensure your property is liveable.

Begin by giving your property a full evaluate. Try:

  • Basis/construction
  • Electrical wiring
  • Plumbing
  • Heating
  • Insulation
  • Home windows

Search for something that may not be as much as code. Each state (even each locality) has its personal constructing codes you’ll want to satisfy. You’ll discover them on-line. You may take a look at the FEMA constructing codes for a federal overview. In case your rehab doesn’t meet these requirements, it means you’re doing one thing mistaken.

If there’s building work to be performed, get quotes from just a few contractors and crunch the numbers. Determine the place you possibly can reduce on cosmetics to make the place liveable. And bear in mind, you’ll be renting it out, so that you’re going to be answerable for repairs and upkeep. Don’t scrimp on areas that’ll come again to chew you.

The roof, for instance, may be okay if you purchase it, however after just a few years of damage and tear will change into much more expensive than touching it up now. Upon getting any structural or main work out of the best way, it’s time for the enjoyable—convey on these marble counter tops!

Or—extra moderately—go utilitarian. Possibly marble-effect counter tops would look simply as good? Overspending will decrease your return on funding. Do some cost-benefit evaluation to see learn how to get again the utmost outlay at this preliminary stage.

From the start, take into consideration how a lot lease you’re going to cost and plan your closing beauty work accordingly. Curb attraction issues, certain, however you’re not really going to reside there.


The following stage within the BRRRR funding plan is to determine your lease. Time for an additional well-named rule!

How you can estimate the lease value

The “1% Rule” is fashionable with BRRRR methodology veterans, a easy piece of math to estimate how a lot it’s best to cost per 30 days. This needs to be not less than the quantity you pay for the mortgage (in case you have one). In any other case, you definitely received’t break even.

Time for extra BRRRR methodology examples: Say you’ve spent $250,000 shopping for and renovating your BRRRR property. $250,000 x 1% = $2,500. You may have to cost not less than $2,500 a month to cowl your bills.

It is a tough estimate as a result of it does not take into account different working prices (like a rental supervisor) or how a lot different rental models within the space make compared.

Earlier than shopping for, make sure to know the standard rental charges within the space. In the event that they’re far lower than 1% of your buy value, then shopping for and renting a property in that neighborhood makes little sense.

Discovering Renters

After that, it’s time to discover a appropriate rental candidate. Don’t simply go sticking flyers up on phone poles, although. It’s essential to be extra discerning than that. You’re a landlord now, in any case.

Set some necessities, like revenue, age, employment historical past, and credit score rating. You may ban pets and people who smoke, too. Having rental standards will show you how to discover the very best tenant. You may hopefully be working with this individual for some time to return, so get it proper.

After you’ve got acquired just a few functions, slender down your search. Look into the rental historical past of your candidates and run a credit score verify as a result of a powerful historical past with stable references can save lots of complications later. 

Bear in mind, a secure rental historical past in your property shall be necessary when it is time to refinance, so take the time to get the correct tenant.

Since you will quickly be busy discovering and flipping different BRRRR properties, it is even price hiring a rental supervisor as your tenant’s level of contact. Simply make sure to issue this into your ongoing prices.


Earlier than you begin over once more, there’s one final step to the BRRRR methodology—the BRRRR refinance. This may be tough, so let’s get this proper.

First, you constructed up fairness in your property after which discovered a secure tenant. That is going to look nice to no matter lender you method for refinancing your property.

They will additionally need to see your credit score report, the money movement on the property, and an appraisal. Each lender could have their standards, however so will you for taking their cash.

First, solely take a BRRRR cash-out refinance. That’s when your present mortgage is changed with a brand new one which faucets into the fairness you’ve constructed up within the property. You’ll have a better mortgage quantity on the brand new mortgage and get the distinction in money.

Try your mortgage refinancing choices earlier than you commit. You may evaluate among the finest charges via Credible’s comparability software. 

One other potential pitfall is the requirement for an appraisal. This is without doubt one of the much less well-known BRRRR methodology dangers. And in some methods, you haven’t any management over it. The rehab might need gone nice, and your property could possibly be the very best on the block, however the worth would possibly nonetheless have fallen in a market hunch.

If that’s the case, take into account holding onto the property just a little longer earlier than making an attempt to refinance. Turn into a incredible, attentive landlord, sketch out plans for the subsequent 5 years, and go for it when the market picks up once more!


The final a part of our BRRRR technique step-by-step information is straightforward. Do it over again. After the primary go-round, you can reply a easy query: “Is the BRRRR methodology price it?” It may be a steep studying curve, however take the whole lot you’ve got realized and apply it to your subsequent diamond within the tough. You have simply acquired to search out it first.

What Do The Consultants Should Say Concerning the BRRRR Technique?

Curious concerning the BRRRR methodology? Questioning what the consultants must say? Mark Ferguson—founding father of InvestFourMore.com and an avid investor in actual property—has this to say concerning the BRRRR methodology:

“I personally love the BRRRR technique however nonetheless flip as nicely. I are inclined to flip the properties l which can be nonetheless good offers however do not have the money movement. Many homes in my space match this field since costs have gone up greater than rents. BRRRR works nice on multifamily or industrial with higher money movement. Larger rates of interest have made it harder, however I at all times go away room for unknowns like shock repairs or financing modifications.”

How you can Discover BRRRR Properties

When in search of new BRRRR actual property initiatives, you possibly can’t solely browse the identical realty web sites as everybody else. As a substitute, get artistic to discover a deal in your subsequent property.

1. Participate in property auctions

Auctions are at all times going to be a goldmine for BRRRR traders. Sadly, meaning the competitors will be fierce too.

Earlier than you make that profitable bid, learn via the authorized pack for properties you’re desirous about. This will provide you with the circumstances of sale, a have a look at land registry paperwork, and information on any tenancy agreements. Yow will discover native auctions via websites like RealtyTrac and Public sale.com.

2. Search on-line property listings

Have you ever tried Googling “low-cost properties on the market close to me”? I’m solely half-joking there. There are a ton of property web sites on the market that may maintain your subsequent dream undertaking.

Simply arrange alerts for properties going up on the market that meet your necessities. A fast search will generate leads particular to your space and any realtors who specialize within the buildings you are in search of.

3. Discover repossessions and foreclosures

It’s fairly easy to search out repossessed and foreclosed properties on the market. The mortgage large Freddie Mac sells foreclosed houses on its web site HomeSteps, and you may even discover foreclosures via the Division of Housing and City Improvement.

Main realtors are inclined to record repossessions on their web sites (as do among the greatest banks within the nation, just like the Financial institution of America). Discover them fast, although, as a result of in keeping with the most recent knowledge, the variety of foreclosed houses goes down year-on-year.

4. Purchase from an actual property wholesaler

Wholesalers discover low-cost, often distressed, properties from homeowners that have not tried to place their home in the marketplace and snap them up for an affordable value.

A short while later, with out doing a lot of something to the property, the wholesaler reaches out to search out an investor who desires to flip, places just a little additional on the highest, and sells for a tidy revenue. As a BRRRR funding technique, it leaves rather a lot to be desired.

Ideally, you’d discover these properties and keep away from paying the inflated charges a wholesaler provides. You may have to maintain your eyes peeled for native adverts (both on or offline) and check out networking.

5. Drive for {dollars}

Or skip the intermediary altogether, and discover these houses your self. As a BRRRR technique, that is essentially the most chaotic selection you may make, however it nonetheless works. It entails driving round an space you are desirous about, discovering houses you suppose may be price an funding, and making a proposal to the house owner.

Turning up at somebody’s door and providing to purchase their home takes guts, however it might probably reap the rewards. Owners typically will not put a dilapidated property in the marketplace as a result of they do not see the purpose. It is not definitely worth the trouble or the authorized charges. You may make it simple by providing to purchase them out.

BRRRR Technique for Rookies

We’ve instructed you what BRRRR means, learn how to do the BRRRR methodology step-by-step, and learn how to discover BRRRR properties. Now you’ll discover out the place to begin.

How you can discover BRRRR Loans

Discovering BRRRR financing isn’t as simple as simply shopping for an everyday dwelling. Some particular mortgage varieties, just like the FHA 203k, are made for folks shopping for fixer-uppers and renovating them.

Sadly, you can’t use a 203k mortgage on an funding property. It needs to be owner-occupied, not made for renting. For BRRRR loans, you possibly can look to conventional banks, mortgage suppliers, and devoted BRRRR lenders.

Traders will want a powerful credit score rating (often above 700) to qualify for financing via conventional strategies like banks or mortgage brokers.

Fortunately, many lenders now supply loans geared towards BRRRR traders in search of quick returns. These loans require smaller down funds than conventional financial institution mortgages, which means the entry barrier is decrease.

Additionally they enable debtors to make month-to-month interest-only funds. Although lending establishments typically choose patrons with excessive credit score scores, lenders on the market will give mortgages to folks with decrease scores to finance a fixer-upper. You’ll want to talk instantly with lenders to know your choices for financing your BRRRR funding.

Remember that BRRRR lenders would possibly supply loans which have greater charges, however equally that conventional lenders will almost definitely base any loans on the acquisition value. You would possibly make use of a house fairness line of credit score (HELOC) to finance your BRRRR buy, however that places the fairness of your present property at excessive threat.

BRRRR Technique vs Flipping

Actual property traders discuss rather a lot about flipping their strategy to tens of millions. Not as many take into account the BRRRR technique, so let’s take a sec to check these two approaches.

The preliminary intention of each is to search out distressed properties with potential and purchase them up cheaply. And each strategies entail some renovation work so as to add worth to a fixer-upper. Now comes the break up in path.

Home flippers want to promote a renovation undertaking ASAP, take the revenue, and plow it straight again into their subsequent enterprise. BRRRR methodology followers don’t promote up. They discover a renter, construct extra fairness within the property, and use that to fund their subsequent undertaking.

If you evaluate the BRRRR methodology vs. flipping, it takes rather a lot longer to finish a technique cycle, and it might probably price extra within the quick time period. That’s okay as a result of your eyes are on that candy rental prize that retains the money movement coming lengthy after home flippers burn via theirs.

How Lengthy Does the BRRRR Technique Take?

Determining learn how to use the BRRRR methodology means deciding how briskly you need to go. Of all of the levels (purchase, renovate, lease, refinance, repeat), the primary two will take the longest.

Discovering the correct property received’t be a cakewalk should you do it correctly. And the rehab stage might take weeks or months to finish. The faster, the higher, because you don’t begin making any a refund in your funding earlier than hitting the rental stage.

There aren’t any laborious and quick numbers to let you know how lengthy to finish one spherical of the BRRRR technique takes, similar to it’s troublesome to offer an actual BRRRR methodology success charge. However keep in mind that a six-month seasoning interval isn’t unusual for lenders to impose earlier than letting you refinance.

There are some insane tales of traders shopping for up and rehabbing over fifty properties within the area of six months, however to illustrate that’s a dangerous technique. If you happen to’re beginning out, take it sluggish and attempt to get the whole lot proper the primary time. That’s the easiest way to arrange the subsequent BRRRR cycle for achievement.

Purchase Rehab Hire Refinance Repeat: The Cycle Ends

And that’s the BRRRR methodology defined. If you wish to get into the actual property market with little cash, the BRRRR methodology is a viable technique.

Bear in mind, you could not see a lot of your income from one deal to the subsequent, however they’ll add up over time. Whether or not you select to go along with it full throttle or simply incorporate items right here and there, the bottom line is determining what is going on to work finest for you by way of monetary funding versus threat tolerance.

Is the BRRRR methodology adequate so that you can strive? Oh, wait, you’re already in search of your keys to go driving for {dollars}?


See all

1% Rule in Actual Property: What It Is, How It Works, Examples. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.investopedia.com/phrases/o/one-percent-rule.asp

50 Properties in 6 Months Utilizing the BRRRR Technique. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.biggerpockets.com/weblog/real-estate-644

Constructing Codes Toolkit. (2021). FEMA. https://www.fema.gov/websites/default/information/paperwork/fema_building-codes-toolkit_07-19-2021.pdf

Price vs. Worth 2019 | Nationwide | Reworking. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.transforming.hw.web/cost-vs-value/2019/

Tenant Screening Standards Template | Landlord’s Information to Tenant Screening. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://rentprep.com/tenant-screening/tenant-screening-criteria/

U.S. Properties With Foreclosures Filings In First Six Months Of 2021 Hit All-time Low Of 65,082. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/us-properties-with-foreclosure-filings-in-first-six-months-of-2021-hit-all-time-low-of-65-082–301334336.html

What’s a Residence Fairness Line of Credit score and How Does it Work? (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.bankofamerica.com/mortgage/be taught/what-is-a-home-equity-line-of-credit/

What’s a authorized pack? | Public sale Home. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2023, from https://www.auctionhouse.co.uk/information/what-is-a-legal-pack



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